What Is Flatfoot?
Flatfoot is common in both children and adults. Although there are various types of flatfoot, they all share one characteristic - partial or total collapse of the arch.

Flatfoot in children, can be classified as symptomatic or asymptomatic. Symptomatic flatfeet exhibit symptoms such as pain and limitation of activity, while asymptomatic flatfeet show no symptoms.

The deformity can be apparent at birth or it may not be apparent until years later.

Most children with flatfoot have no symptoms, but some have one or more of the following symptoms:Pain, tendernessin the foot, outward tilting of the heel, awkwardness or changes in walking, difficulty wearing shoes and no normal physical or sports activity.


The doctor examines the foot and observes how it looks when the child stands. He also observes how the child walks and evaluates the range of motion of the foot. Sometimes thw hip and knee are related to problems in the leg. X-rays are often taken to determine the severity of the deformity.

Normal foot - flatfoot


Non-surgical Treatment
If there are no symptoms, treatment is often not required. Instead, the condition will be observed and re-evaluated. Custom orthotic devices may be considered for some cases of asymptomatic flatfoot.

When the symptoms are already apparent, treatment is required. The surgeon may select one or more of the following non-surgical approaches:

Temporal decrease activity or orthotic devices. Stretching exercises, supervised by physical therapist, provide relief in some cases of flatfoot.Shoe modifications. The physician advises on footwear characteristics that are important for the child with flatfoot.


Surgical Treatment
In some cases, surgery is necessary to relieve the symptoms and improve foot function. The surgical procedure or combination of procedures selected for childs will depend on his or her type of flatfoot and degree of deformity. The purpose of this info does not permit further analysis of the surgical choices.