Achilles tendinitis

Achilles tendinitis is an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to the heel bone.


Degeneration muscle fiber

Achilles tendinitis most commonly occurs in runners who have suddenly increased the intensity or duration of their runs. It's also common in middle-aged people who play sports, such as tennis or basketball, only on the weekends.

Symptoms
The pain associated with Achilles tendinitis typically begins as a mild ache in the back of the leg or above the heel after running or other sports activity. Episodes of more severe pain may occur after prolonged running, stair climbing or sprinting.You might also experience tenderness or stiffness, especially in the morning, which usually improves with mild activity.

Causes
Achilles tendinitis is caused by repetitive or intense strain on the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects your calf muscles to your heel bone. This tendon is used when you walk, run, jump or push up on your toes.The structure of the Achilles tendon weakens with age, which can make it more susceptible to injury .

Treatments and drugs
Tendinitis usually responds well to self-care measures. But if symptoms are severe or persistent, your doctor might suggest other treatment options.

Medications
If counter pain medications aren't enough, your doctor might prescribe NSAID to reduce inflammation and relieve pain.

Physical therapy
Treatment options: Exercises. Therapists often prescribe specific stretching and strengthening exercises to promote healing and strengthening of the Achilles tendon and its supporting structures.


Exercises

Orthotic devices. A shoe insert or wedge that slightly elevates your heel can relieve strain on the tendon and provide a cushion that lessens the amount of force exerted on your Achilles tendon.


Orthotic devices

Surgery
If several months of more-conservative treatments don't work or if the tendon has torn, your doctor may suggest surgery to repair your Achilles tendon.

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