Adductors injury

What is an adductors strain?

A adductor strain is a relatively common condition characterized by tearing of some or all of the adductor muscle group.
The muscles at the inner aspect of your thigh are known as the adductor muscles. These muscles originate from the pelvis and insert into the inner aspect of the thigh and lower leg bones.

The adductors muscles

The acute change of direction of the left leg strain the adductors


The groin muscles are responsible for stabilizing the pelvis and moving the leg towards the midline of the body (adduction). They are particularly active during running (especially when changing direction) and kicking.

During contraction of the groin muscles, tension is placed through the groin. When this tension is excessive due to too much repetition or high force, one or more of the groin muscles can tear. This is known as an adductors strain and can range from a small partial tear of the muscles whereby there is minimal pain and minimal loss of function, to a complete rupture of one or more adductor muscles resulting in severe pain and marked loss of function. Adductors strains range from a grade 1 to a grade 3 strain and are classified as follows:

Type 1: a small number of muscle fibers are torn resulting in some pain but allowing full function.
Type 2: a significant number of muscle fibers are torn with moderate loss of function.
Type 3: all muscle fibers are ruptured resulting in major loss of function.

The majority of groin strains are type 2. The most commonly affected muscle involved in a strained groin is the adductor longus muscle.

An adductors strain commonly occurs due to a sudden contraction of the groin muscles often when they are in a position of stretch. This typically occurs during rapid acceleration whilst running (particularly when changing direction) or when a footballer performs a long kick.
Adductors strains tend to occur more commonly in the older athlete and particularly following an inadequate warm-up.

Signs and symptoms
Patients with this condition usually feel a sudden sharp pain or pulling sensation in the inner thigh or groin during the provocative activity. In minor cases, the patient may be able to continue the activity only to have an increase in symptoms upon cooling down. In more severe cases, the patient may be unable to continue the activity and will often limp or be unable to walk off the playing field.
Patients with a groin strain usually experience an increase in pain during activities which place load on the groin muscles. These activities may include: walking (especially on uneven surfaces or stairs), running (especially changing directions), twisting, jumping, and kicking. It is also common for patients with this condition to experience pain or stiffness after these activities with rest, especially upon waking in the morning.


What can the athlete do?
• Apply R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation) immediately.
• Use crutches if needed.
• Gently stretch the groin muscles if this is comfortable to do so.

• See a sports injury professional who can advise on rehabilitation of the injury.
• For a suspected grade 3 strain seek professional help immediately.

What can an Orthopaedic surgeon can do?
• Use ultrasound or laser treatment.
• Tape the groin to take the pressure off the area.

• Use sports massage techniques after the acute phase. This is extremely important.


• Operate if the muscle has torn completely.
• Advise on a rehabilitation program consisting of stretching and strengthening exercises.